Ancient India was the birthplace of a variety of religions. Among them were the religions of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, all of which developed in this geographically vast country. The people of India also developed an impressive intellectual life. Indus civilization dominated northern India for two millennia BCE, giving rise to a distinctive Hindu culture. Indus civilization also spawned Jainism and Buddhism.
The Hindu religion, which has been around for thousands of years, is very much alive in India. Hindus revere animal life and allow cows to roam the streets, often causing traffic jams. There are approximately 65,000 animal species in India, including lions and tigers. This diversity makes India an ideal spot for birdwatchers. A recent study found that more than a quarter of NASA scientists come from India. And the Indian government has allocated $1.4 billion for the mission.
While traveling in India, it’s important to understand the diverse cultures and religions of this country. Religious freedom and religious diversity are protected in the constitution, which guarantees freedom of conscience and religion, and protects minorities from discrimination. The constitution was amended in 1976 to make it secular. Hindus are incredibly proud of their cows, and 21 states have laws that make it illegal to kill a cow. The Indian constitution is extremely progressive and reflects these differences in culture and religion.